The Assiniboine Tribe

The Assiniboine Tribe came from a reservation in Fort Peck, Montana and brought with them 25 delegates. The Assiniboine population numbered over 10,000 in the 1780's, declined slightly in 1829 to 8000 and sharply declined to 2800 members after being sent to the reservation.

The Assiniboines in many ways resembled the Kiowa tribes in that they were roving buffalo hunters who fought and hunted on horseback. The Assiniboines livedin skin tipis, practiced no agriculture, used the same weapons as the Kiowa, and had similar military organizations and tribal ceremonies.

The Assiniboine tribal dress included the prairie moccasin, breech-cloth, and buckskin dress. The men wore the scalp-lock, usually having the rest of the hair braided and hanging down in front on each side of the head. They are all of fine physical type, with a build is sinewy and features which are thin and clear-cut.

To see more images from the Indian Congress, visit the Indian Congress Photo Gallery. This collection includes over 500 photographs ofNative Americans, including portraits of individuals, groupphotos of families and photographs of various activities.

The library also has the original "Secretary's Report" from the TransMississippi Exposition. This document includes a section on the The Indian Congress by Mr. W. V. Cox, Secretary of the Government Exhibit Board. It also contains the Report of Captain Mercer, manager of the Indian Congress.

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